These are the primary types of shotguns, each tailored to suit different shooting needs and preferences. The choice of shotgun type depends on factors like intended use, personal preference, and local regulations.
Break-action shotguns are known for their simplicity and reliability. They have a hinged action that opens to expose the breech, allowing for easy loading and unloading. There are two subtypes within break-action shotguns:
A pump-action shotgun is one of the most popular and widely used types of shotguns. It features a manually operated pump or forend that allows the shooter to cycle the action, eject the spent shell, and chamber a new round. Pump-action shotguns are versatile and can be used for hunting, home defense, and sport shooting.
In my collection, I have examples of semi-automatic, pump, break-action, over and under, combination and specialty shotguns. I do not have a bolt-action or lever-action shotgun.
My favorite shotgun (right now) is my Citori Gran Lightning. However, I must say that the purpose of the shotgun dictates the characteristics, and for certain purposes, I would have to choose another shotgun as my favorite.
Semi-automatic shotguns, also known as autoloading shotguns, automatically eject the spent shell and chamber a new round with each pull of the trigger. They are prized for their rapid-fire capability and reduced recoil compared to pump-action shotguns. Semi-autos are commonly used in hunting and sport shooting, including clay target sports.
Bolt-action shotguns have a manually operated bolt mechanism that requires the shooter to cycle the action by turning a bolt handle. They are less common than other types and are often used for specialized applications, such as slug hunting.
Lever-action shotguns are relatively rare compared to lever-action rifles, but they operate similarly. The shooter uses a lever to cycle the action and load a new round. They are not as common as other types of shotguns.
Combination guns are firearms that have both a shotgun barrel and a rifle barrel, allowing the shooter to use different types of ammunition for different purposes. These are often used for hunting in areas where both rifles and shotguns are needed.
here are specialty shotguns designed for specific purposes, such as: Tactical Shotguns: Designed for self-defense and law enforcement applications, these shotguns often feature extended magazines, pistol grips, and other tactical accessories. Sporting Shotguns: These are designed specifically for clay target sports, including trap, skeet, and sporting clays. They often have longer barrels, adjustable chokes, and other features optimized for these sports. Slug Shotguns: These shotguns are designed for firing shotgun slugs, which are large, single-projectile rounds. They are often used for hunting big game.